What is it and how to grow ginger? Ginger is a genus of perennials and is also called Zingiberaceae. It is a is a beautiful, scented plant. Ginger grows in the temperate and warmer zones of the world commercially where the temperature is ideally between 40 degrees to 0 degrees Fahrenheit. It is a herb which is used in cooking, medicine, and also spice mixes.
It has a great history to use as a herbal remedy for preventing all kinds of diseases, sickness, and infection such as nausea, joint pain, common colds, arthritis, pain, etc. You can grow ginger in your garden as it is an easy process to cultivate. It takes about 10 months growing season to become ripe enough.
Finding Best Soil for Growing Ginger
The grows of the ginger totally depends on the soil. It will decide how well will your ginger grows. A nutritious soil is required for the ginger plant. It needs to mildly acidic with a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5. Also, you need to choose moist as well as well drained soil. To have this balance of your soil, you can add loam or sandy mixture.
According to research, a good, healthy soil mixture is consisting of sand and compost. The sand part will help to keep the soil dry, and on the other hand, the compost part will provide proper nutrients to your plant. Each piece should have 2 to 3 growing points. Make sure that, the soil is well sanitized. That means the soil is free from parasites, fungal pathogens, pests, etc.
The ideal plant time of the ginger root is late winter or early spring as this provides the plants enough time to produce sufficient leaves to make a guarding canopy before the massive summer heat arrives. In September, the soil and ambient temperature are between the 20°C & 30°C. If you don’t follow this, then the stems can burn as well as the yields can suffer.
Preparing the Ginger Root
The best places to obtain ginger root is a garden center or a seed catalogs. However, it will be tough for you to collect ginger root from there as local garden suppliers rarely put ginger in the garden. Ginger from a grocery store can be planted, but this will give fewer outcomes. If you buy ginger from there and plan to use it, then ensure that you will soak it in warm water overnight to get rid of any pesticides, fungal pathogens, pests it may have.
How to Grow Ginger
Pick ginger rhizomes which have tight skin and then cut into large chunks. You can even plant the whole thing. The ginger root should be planted 5 to 10 cm deep and also should be facing up towards the sky. Keep a fine layer of mulch on the top. This trick will help to supply more nutrients to your ginger roots. First, water lightly to the plant and more heavily while shoots appear. The expected time to see shoots is about 3 weeks.
Watering the Plant
Ginger plants like moisture for growing. That’s why you have to keep the soil wet. Water your plant early in the morning. A moderate watering one or two times in a week will be enough for your plants. Mulch your ginger plants every 1- 2 days. It will maintain humidity in the soil.
Apply eco-aminogro and eco-seaweed to support strong, healthy growth. Also, this will help them to fight cold weather as well as will make their growth longer. When the weather begins cooling down, then reduce water from the soil.
Ginger roots ideally start growing at around 2 to 3 months from planting. Also, they will mature at around 7 to 10 months. The harvesting time of the ginger totally depends on the purpose of using ginger. Usually, they will be available to harvest after flowering. That means the leaves have dried out as well as started to fall off.
A small part of the rhizome is lifted during the growing season for uses. But, you have to dig up the ends of the ginger root carefully. Young, fresh rhizomes need to keep in a dry, cool place for about two to three months. They must be soaked in vinegar and brine before using as crystallized ginger.
In the case of mature rhizome, you need to coat, peel, and lime before storing them as whole or using ground in powders, infusions, etc. When your ginger plant is ready to harvest, you need to dig the full plant by using a gardening fork. If you take proper care of your ginger plant, it will not stop producing roots. You will be able to harvest them again.
Pests and Diseases
Root knot nematodes can cause dropping of the leaves and also yellowing of whole leaves. Fusarium is contracted from soil and may result in bacterial soft rot and bacterial wilt. Well, drained and bacteria free soil can help to avoid these little worms. You can use crop rotation so that your plants will stay safe from bacteria.